New Civilization News: Paradigm Shifts    
 Paradigm Shifts15 comments
picture 28 Jul 2004 @ 21:40, by Flemming Funch

Yahoo Dictionary:
Paradigm: A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.
An important word to know. The Paradigm Web:
The word "paradigm" was originally one of those obscure academic terms that has undergone many changes of meaning over the centuries. The classical Greeks used it to refer to an original archetype or ideal. Later it came to refer to a grammatical term. In the early 1960s Thomas Kuhn (1922-1996) wrote a ground breaking book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, in which he showed that science does not progress in an orderly fashion from lesser to greater truth, but rather remains fixated on a particular dogma or explanation - a paradigm - which is only overthrown with great difficulty and a new paradigm established. Thus the Copernican system (the sun at the center of the universe) overthrew the Ptolemaic (the earth at the center) one, and Newtonian physics was replaced by Relativity and Quantum Physics. Science thus consists of periods of conservatism ("Normal" Science) punctuated by periods of "Revolutionary" Science.
Even more important is finding out how to get these things changed, preferably faster than waiting around for the people with the old views to die. From the same source:
Paradigm Shift: When anomalies or inconsistencies arise within a given paradigm and present problems that we are unable to solve within a given paradigm, our view of reality must change, as must the way we perceive, think, and value the world. We must take on new assumptions and expectations that will transform our theories, traditions, rules, and standards of practice. We must create a new paradigm in which we are able to solve the insolvable problems of the old paradigm.
More good info at Wikipedia. Anyway, so, get that. A paradigm is on its way out when it no longer solves the problems it is meant to solve. Or, rather, it should be on its way out, and a better paradigm should replace it, which better solves the present problems. For various reasons, that might not happen readily. There are people with a vested interest in the old paradigm, who have based their careers on it. And we all have habits that might be difficult to change, including habits of thinking. And we might not really know what the new, better paradigm should be. Even if we bump into it.

Paradigms usually don't start working well right away. And they don't suddenly just stop working either. One way of looking at the life cycle of a paradigm is with a diagram like this. There's a starting period, A, when the paradigm is still being developed, and one hasn't quite figured out the best way of using it yet, so it isn't all that impressive how well it solves problems. Then there's a phase B, where it all has been streamlined, and the paradigm accepted, and it solves lots of problems. Finally, phase C, it slows down, or might eventually drop. Maybe the problems get harder, or they change fundamentally. That's probably when somebody might start looking for better paradigms. Would be better if they did it in phase B, so that there would be time to develop the new approach. But most people wouldn't be looking at that time.

Joel Barker explained all of that really well, in a (very expensive) video and a (cheap) book. Several books, actually.

It is worthwhile to learn to see paradigms. So one can realize which ones one is stuck in, and so one can recognize the alternatives when one sees them. Both are hard. The well-worn paths of the human mind makes it difficult to see where else one could go.

Imagine that changed. That we evolved a bit and we always had a consciousness of what paradigms we were living in, and the myriad of other possibilities. Meta-humans.


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15 comments

29 Jul 2004 @ 08:06 by Quirkeboy @209.92.185.196 : Truth and values..
I think that there might be two different paradigms..
Science is always seeking the truth and their paradigms will begin to last longer and longer until we settle on the explanation that fits all situations.. maybe that will happen.. maybe not.. I sometimes think God has given us an endless supply of questions and answers and we will never figure it all out.. therefore he gives us the option of faith.. if we found proof of God in the atom we would never need to question him again.. but he wants that..
Anywho.. the other paradigm I think is constantly changing as our culture changes.. new styles.. new lifestyles.. new needs.. new opinions.. new values.. and these are easier to see at times.. I often find myself wishing for a product that meets a certain need.. and then a year later its on the market.. then theres the all to familiar "Why didnt I think of that?!"
As for how to predict the changes in our value paradigms .. I would say that you need to be associated with the group that is at the forefront.. a small group of people who live a particular lifestyle that is bound to catch on.. and spread to the rest of the society.. This small group has needs that are unanswered by the larger group..but once the small groups lifestyle catches on in the mainstream.. the answers will be sought and (with luck) provided. If you can see the needs in the small group.. and answer them before it becomes more common.. you've beaten the curve.  



29 Jul 2004 @ 08:29 by spiritseek : "Why didnt I think of that?!"
This is exactly what I get.As a child I thought of what they will sell in the future...I felt water and air,which at the time seemed impossible but yet...hmmm

.. if we found proof of God in the atom we would never need to question him again.. but he wants that..
If we knew him without question there wouldn't be any need for the 3rd dimesion and it would collapse like a black hole...another hmmm  



7 Aug 2004 @ 04:54 by Heiner Benking @62.154.173.179 : Paradigm Shifts
Dear Flemming, I like your article. Maybe ksit one "add on":
we coined meta-paradigms as the meta layer of context. And spoke with children as a paradigm being a way of thinking (which you can map) in a cognitive terrain. (see cognitive superstructure = 3Space/Time)
Maybe you ahe read Kühlewind: "
in: "Is There a Meta-paradigm?" http://benking.de/show-schau.html I write: According to Kühlewind, we are in search of the only new paradigm, a paradigm in which all other paradigms originate.
more also at: http://benking.de/TKE-99.html
"We in this worksop want to go beyond this “everybody knows” “trap” by trying some alternatives to data- and metadata storage, testing and comparing alternative paradigms and see if we can find some common ground for concerting alternative paradigms (Kühlewind)".

with the above we are at the mapping and model issues, more maybe later. In between you might enjoy some "basics" as exttracted from the BRANDNEW International Encyclopedia of SYSTEMS and CYBERNETICS, which has just hit the streets: http://benking.de/encyclopaedia/encyclopedia-heiner.htm
if you see cognitive spaces, metahors, and and you might get more close where I want to go with the COGNITIVE PANORAMA - which includes concerts, merges and morphs, translates and transcends many paradigms... http://benking.de/cube/

much more on "NEW" & OLD encyclopedia and atlases,... is presently in the works..
http://www.open-forum.de/encyclopedia-pragmatics/


cheers, Heiner  



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